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Statistics Lithuania

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Foreign trade 
2011 02 09
PRESS RELEASE

FOREIGN TRADE OF LITHUANIA IN 2010  

Statistics Lithuania informs that, based on provisional data obtained from customs declarations and Intrastat reporting data, exports in 2010 amounted to LTL 54.3 billion, imports – LTL 60.9 billion. Foreign trade deficit of Lithuania amounted to LTL 6.6 billion, which is by 45.8 per cent more than in 2009. Data on trade with the EU countries were adjusted after VAT returns data had been received. 

Over a year (in 2010, against 2009), exports and imports increased by 33.2 and 34.5 per cent respectively. Mineral products excluded, exports and imports increased by 29.6 and 26.5 per cent respectively; exports of goods of Lithuanian origin increased by 29.5 per cent, mineral products excluded – by 23.2 per cent. An increase in exports was influenced by a 49.4 per cent increase in exports of petroleum products, 46.7 per cent – ground vehicles, 41 per cent – boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances. An increase in imports was influenced by a 50.2 per cent increase in imports of crude petroleum, 68.4 – ground vehicles, 42 per cent – electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof. 

In 2010, the most important partners in exports were Russia (15.6 per cent), Germany (9.8 per cent), Latvia (9.6 per cent) and Poland (7.7 per cent), in imports – Russia (32.6 per cent), Germany (10.9 per cent), Poland (8.8 per cent) and Latvia (6.3 per cent). 

In 2010, the largest share in exports fell within mineral products (23.6 per cent), machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical equipment (10.5 per cent), products of the chemical or allied industries (8.1 per cent), in imports – mineral products (33.3 per cent), machinery and mechanical appliances, electrical equipment (12.6 per cent), products of the chemical or allied industries (11 per cent). 

In December 2010, compared to December 2009, exports and imports grew by 45.4 and 54.9 per cent respectively. Mineral products excluded, exports and imports increased by 42.5 and 41.8 per cent respectively; exports of goods of Lithuanian origin increased by 35 per cent, mineral products excluded – 27.4 per cent. An increase in exports was influenced by a 58.3 per cent increase in exports of petroleum products, 64.5 per cent – boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances, 82.1 per cent – fertilisers. An increase in imports was influenced by an 87.6 per cent increase in imports of crude petroleum, 74.4 per cent – ground vehicles. 

Over a month (December 2010, against November), exports increased by 1.2 per cent, while imports decreased by 1.5 per cent. Mineral products excluded, exports and imports decreased by 2.9 and 1.6 per cent respectively; exports of goods of Lithuanian origin decreased by 1.5 per cent, mineral products excluded – by 9.6 per cent. An increase in exports was influenced by a 17.3 per cent increase in exports of petroleum products. A decrease in imports was determined by a 5.5 per cent decrease in imports of ground vehicles, 35.8 per cent – fertilisers. 

Table 1. Foreign trade balance
LTL million

 

Exports

Imports

Balance

2010 

54264.3

60942.7

-6678.4

January**

3108.5

3552.1

-443.6

February**

3583.1

3938.6

-355.5

March**

3856.2

4531.1

-674.9

I quarter**

10547.8

12021.8

-1474.0

April**

4164.8

4969.6

-804.8

May**

4320.1

4634.2

-314.1

June**

4655.0

5068.2

-413.2

II quarter**

13139.9

14672.0

-1532.1

July**

4530.5

5522.3

-991.8

August**

4934.6

5268.1

-333.5

September**

4970.3

5724.5

-754.2

III quarter**

14435.4

16514.9

-2079.5

October**

5367.5

5748.3

-380.8

November**

5353.6

6037.5

-683.9

December

5420.1

5948.2

-528.1

IV quarter

16141.2

17734.0

-1592.8

 

 

 

 

2009

40732.0

45311.0

-4579.0

I quarter

9490.8

10543.9

-1053.1

II quarter

9543.6

10838.3

-1294.7

III quarter

10611.8

11934.9

-1323.1

December

3726.7

3840.4

-113.7

IV quarter

11085.8

11993.9

-908.1

** Revised data.
◘ Provisional data. 
Table 2. Structure of and changes in foreign trade by BEC

BEC

2010

exports

imports

against 2009, growth, drop (-), %

LTL million

%

LTL million

%

exports

imports

Total

54264.3

100.0

60942.7

100.0

33.2

34.5

Capital goods

5317.1

9.8

6476.6

10.6

45.5

40.9

Intermediate goods

27374.2

50.4

39086.1

64.1

35.8

41.8

Consumption goods

15029.0

27.7

13167.8

21.6

23.4

13.9

Motor spirit

4675.1

8.6

117.1

0.2

42.2

7.7 t.

Passenger motor cars

1723.2

3.2

2073.2

3.4

29.3

37.8

Other

145.7

0.3

21.9

0.0

-

-

 Table 3. Structure of and changes in trade with key foreign partners

Exports

2010

Imports

2010

LTL million

%

against 2009, growth, drop (-), %

LTL million

%

against 2009, growth, drop (-), %

Total

54264.3

100.0

33.2

Total

60942.7

100.0

34.5

EU

33146.7

61.1

26.6

EU

34482.2

56.6

28.8

CIS1

14598.2

26.9

52.9

CIS1

21760.3

35.7

46.1

EFTA2

1653.5

3.0

32.0

EFTA2

398.7

0.7

-2.8

Russia

8457.4

15.6

56.8

Russia

19878.1

32.6

46.8

Germany

5325.4

9.8

35.0

Germany

6667.9

10.9

29.9

Latvia

5187.4

9.6

26.6

Poland

5386.6

8.8

19.2

Poland

4174.6

7.7

42.6

Latvia

3814.6

6.3

31.3

Netherlands

2997.7

5.5

45.0

Netherlands

2682.3

4.4

46.1

Belarus

2840.7

5.2

47.7

Italy

1991.4

3.3

14.7

Estonia

2739.0

5.0

-4.3

Sweden

1989.6

3.3

62.2

United Kingdom

2661.2

4.9

48.8

Belgium

1973.0

3.2

46.6

Ukraine

1954.1

3.6

60.0

Estonia

1741.0

2.9

46.5

Sweden

1931.6

3.6

31.1

France

1571.0

2.6

39.0

France

1794.4

3.3

37.5

China

1486.2

2.4

32.4

Denmark

1625.0

3.0

4.7

Finland

1080.8

1.8

27.5

Other

12575.8

23.2

-

Other

10680.2

17.5

-

1 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
2 Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, Switzerland. 
Table 4. Commodity structure of and changes in exports

CN sections, chapters

2010

LTL million

%

against 2009, growth, drop (-), %

 

Total

54264.3

100.0

33.2

I–IV

Agricultural products and foodstuffs

9802.0

18.1

22.8

04

 

Dairy produce; birds’ eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included

1444.8

2.7

25.0

08

 

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

989.3

1.8

46.1

V

Mineral products

12821.2

23.6

46.6

27

 

Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation;bituminous substances; mineral waxes

12721.7

23.4

46.6

VI

Products of the chemical or allied industries

4377.0

8.1

18.5

31

 

Fertilisers

2052.6

3.8

13.1

VII

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

3662.7

6.7

33.1

39

 

Plastics and articles thereof

3449.2

6.4

32.2

XI

Textiles and textile articles

3224.1

5.9

22.8

62

 

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

965.0

1.8

18.5

XV

Base metals and articles of base metal

2430.6

4.5

33.8

73

 

Articles of iron or steel

1003.8

1.8

15.9

XVI

Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

5721.4

10.5

40.3

84

 

Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

3186.4

5.9

41.0

XVII

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

4194.0

7.7

41.9

87

 

Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

3500.3

6.5

46.7

XX

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

3149.0

5.8

21.0

94

 

Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings

2878.1

5.3

19.7

 

Other

4882.3

9.1

-

Table 5. Commodity structure of and changes in imports


CN sections, chapters

2010

LTL million

%

against 2009, growth, drop (-), %

 

Total

60942.7

100.0

34.5

I–IV

Agricultural products and foodstuffs

7935.2

13.0

19.3

03

 

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

825.0

1.4

28.7

08

 

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

1199.1

2.0

35.3

V

Mineral products

20268.5

33.3

54.0

27

 

Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation;bituminous substances; mineral waxes

19518.2

32.0

55.8

VI

Products of the chemical or allied industries

6688.8

11.0

20.1

29

 

Organic chemicals

1969.9

3.2

39.7

VII

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

2718.7

4.5

32.1

39

 

Plastics and articles thereof

2254.3

3.7

29.2

XI

Textiles and textile articles

2733.4

4.5

19.6

61

 

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted orcrocheted

546.3

0.9

3.4

XV

Base metals and articles of base metal

3003.6

4.9

32.1

72

 

Iron and steel

1110.4

1.8

41.7

XVI

Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

7649.3

12.6

27.5

84

 

Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

4123.2

6.8

17.3

XVII

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

4793.6

7.9

62.3

87

 

Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

4383.8

7.2

68.4

 

Other

5151.6

8.3

-

Table 6. Changes in imports and exports 


Period

Exports

Exports of goods of Lithuanian origin

Imports

Balance

LTL million

against the previous month, growth, drop (-), %

LTL million

against the previous month, growth, drop (-), %

LTL million

against the previous month, growth, drop (-), %

LTL million

2009-12

3726.7

2.9

2544.3

3.0

3840.4

-4.1

-113.7

2010-01

3108.5

-16.6

2310.1

-9.2

3552.1

-7.5

-443.6

2010-02

3583.1

15.3

2550.6

10.4

3938.6

10.9

-355.5

2010-03

3856.2

7.6

2540.3

-0.4

4531.1

15.0

-674.9

2010-04

4164.8

8.0

2858.9

12.5

4969.6

9.7

-804.8

2010-05

4320.1

3.7

2951.7

3.2

4634.2

-6.7

-314.1

2010-06

4655.0

7.8

3243.7

9.9

5068.2

9.4

-413.2

2010-07

4530.5

-2.7

3071.7

-5.3

5522.3

9.0

-991.8

2010-08

4934.6

8.9

3334.6

8.6

5268.1

-4.6

-333.5

2010-09

4970.3

0.7

3351.7

0.5

5724.5

8.7

-754.2

2010-10

5367.5

8.0

3522.2

5.1

5748.3

0.4

-380.8

2010-11

5353.6

-0.3

3485.6

-1.0

6037.5

5.0

-683.8

2010-12

5420.1

1.2

3433.7

-1.5

5948.2

-1.5

-528.1

Note. Due to rounding, the sum of lines or columns in some tables may disagree with the “Total”. 
A press release on foreign trade in January 2011 is due on 10 March 2011.

 

Deputy Director General, Deputising for the Director General

Jonas Markelevičius

Contact: Irena Jocienė
Head, Foreign Trade Statistics
Tel. (+370 5) 236 4963
Email irena.jociene@stat.gov.lt 

Category : Statistics Lithuania

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Consumer price indices 
2011 02 14
PRESS RELEASE

CHANGES IN PRICES FOR CONSUMER GOODS AND SERVICES IN JANUARY 2011
OVER A MONTH, THE GREATEST PRICE INCREASE – 1.6 PER CENT – WAS OBSERVED IN PRICES FOR TRANSPORT GOODS AND SERVICES, WHILE PRICES FOR FOOTWEAR AND CLOTHING DROPPED BY 6 PER CENT

Statistics Lithuania informs that in January 2011, against December 2010, prices for consumer goods and services increased by 0.4 per cent. The change in prices was mostly determined by an increase in prices for food products and non-alcoholic beverages, transport goods and services, housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels group of goods and services, as well as by a decrease in prices for clothing and footwear.

In January 2011, against December 2010, prices for consumer goods increased by 0.5 per cent, while prices for services remained almost unchanged.

A monthly change in prices for food products and non-alcoholic beverages was mostly determined by a 5.7 per cent increase in prices for fruits and berries, 1 per cent – milk and its products, cheese, eggs, 0.7 per cent – bread and cereals, 2.5 per cent – coffee, tea, cocoa, 1.6 per cent – vegetables and potatoes, 2.2 per cent – butter, oils and fats.

A change in prices for transport goods and services was mostly influenced by a 2.9 per cent increase in prices for fuel (prices for petrol grew by 2 per cent, diesel fuel – 4.4 per cent, liquefied gas – 5.3 per cent), 6.2 per cent – passenger transport by rail, 0.7 per cent – motor cars, as well as by a 5.2 per cent decrease in prices for passenger transport by air.

Changes in prices for housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels group of goods and services were mostly determined by a 14.9 per cent increase in prices for solid fuel, 5.1 per cent – liquefied gas for cooking, as well as by a 6.2 per cent price drop in prices for natural gas.

Changes in prices for clothing and footwear were influence – due to seasonal discounts – by a 6.7 per cent price drop in prices for clothing, 5.2 per cent – footwear.

In 2011, the annual inflation (January 2011, against January 2010) stood at 2.9 per cent. The annual change was determined by an increase in prices for food products and non-alcoholic beverages, transport goods and services, housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels group of goods and services, as well as by a decrease in prices for clothing and footwear, communication goods and services, furnishings, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house goods and services.

Over a year, prices for consumer goods grew by 3.9 per cent, while prices for services dropped by 0.2 per cent.

Table 1. Rates of change in prices for consumer goods and services, January 2010
Per cent 


COICOP divisions of consumer goods and services

Relative share (weight) of consumption expenditure in total consumption expenditure

Growth, drop (-)

January 2010, against

average annual

December 2010

January 2010

January 2010–2011
January 2009–2010

Total CPI

100.0

0.4

2.9

1.6

Food products and non-alcoholic beverages

26.6

1.1

6.2

0.5

Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products

8.0

1.0

1.8

9.6

Clothing and footwear

6.8

-6.0

-4.5

-5.5

Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels

12.9

1.1

8.1

5.7

Furnishings, household equipment and routine maintenance

6.1

0.6

-2.2

-2.9

Health care

6.8

0.0

0.0

0.8

Transport

11.5

1.6

7.7

6.1

Communications

3.6

0.3

-4.4

-5.2

Recreation and culture

6.1

-0.5

-1.8

-2.1

Education

1.7

-0.1

-0.5

6.4

Hotels, cafes and restaurants

4.9

0.4

0.1

-0.7

Miscellaneous goods and services

5.0

1.1

0.1

0.2

Table 2. COICOP classes of consumer goods and services whose rates of change in prices had a decisive influence on the overall price change over the month 
(January 2011, against December 2010) 


Influence, percentage points
     

Fuels and lubricants

+0.188

Clothing

-0.294

Solid fuel

+0.158

Footwear

-0.107

Fruits and berries

+0.082

Gas

-0.030

Other non-electric appliances, articles and products for personal care

+0.038

Package holidays

-0.015

Milk and its products, cheese, eggs

+0.037

Passenger transport by air

-0.014

Non-durable household goods

+0.035

Furniture and furnishings

-0.010

INFORMATION ON THE REVISION OF THE SYSTEM OF WEIGHTS

Statistics Lithuania annually revises the weighting system, used for the calculation of the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and updates it taking into consideration the changes in the structure of household consumption expenditure.

The new weighting system for the CPI (see Table 1) is based on the data of 2008 (reference period of weights) household budget survey on monetary consumption expenditure, industry, domestic and foreign trade, transport and services, energy statistics, as well as other institutions’ information. Available statistical information of 2010 is also used.

The price reference period is December 2010, i.e. in 2011 each month’s prices will be compared against this period’s prices. According to the Laspeyres formula, applied to the calculation of the CPI, data on weights and prices in the reference periods have to be consistent. Therefore, the statistical data on consumption expenditure in cash 2008 were updated up to December 2010 using respective CPIs, and a new weighting system for the calculation of the 2011 CPI was developed. For the calculation, the weights were used with the accuracy to the fifth decimal place.

The weighting system developed for the calculation of the 2011 CPI was conditioned by the changed structure of household consumption, which was due to the change in prices of consumer goods and services, increase in earnings and pensions. The most significant changes in the weighting system were as follows: the increase in the specific weight of consumption expenditure on food products and non-alcoholic beverages (the greatest increase was observed in expenditure on vegetables and potatoes, milk and its products, cheese, eggs, the decrease in expenditure was observed in prices for meat and its products) – by 0.9 percentage points, housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels products and services – by 0.8 percentage points; the decrease in the specific weight of consumption expenditure on recreation and culture goods and services – by 0.6 percentage points, communication goods and services – by 0.4 percentage points.

The current weighting system covers 514 elementary aggregates of household consumption expenditure. These elementary aggregates are further specified using additional sources of information (information of other statistical areas and institutions) to the level of representative goods and services. In the CPI, elementary aggregates of household consumption goods and services are represented by 889 goods and services.

INFORMATION ON CHANGES IN METHODOLOGY

From January 2011, the Statistics Lithuania applies the standards for the treatment of seasonal products in the Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) set in Commission Regulation (EC) No 330/2009 of 22 April 2009.

More information on the provisions and minimal standards and the implementation thereof of the Commission Regulation (EC) No 330/2009 is available at the website of Statistics Lithuania.
Concepts
Inflation – a decrease in the purchasing power of a currency unit, which manifests itself in a long-term increase in the average general price level.
Annual inflation shows relative changes in the average price rate between the current month and the corresponding month of the previous year. 
Average annual inflation shows relative changes in the average price rate between the average of the latest twelve months and the average of the corresponding previous twelve months.
COICOP – Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose.

A press release on the February 2011 CPI is due on 8 March 2011.

First Deputy Director General, 
Deputising for the Director General

Vilija Lapėnienė

Contact: Nadiežda Alejeva
Head, Price Statistics Division
Tel. (+370 5) 236 4707
Email Nadiezda.Alejava@stat.gov.lt

www.stat.gov.lt

 
Category : Statistics Lithuania

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Unemployment rate (survey data)
2011 02 18
PRESS RELEASE

CHANGES IN THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN 2010
IN 2010 THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE STOOD AT 17.8 PER CENT

According to the estimates of the Labour Force Survey, conducted by Statistics Lithuania, the unemployment rate in the country in 2010 stood at 17.8 per cent, which is by 4.1 percentage points more than in 2009.

In 2010, the male unemployment rate was higher than the female one: the male unemployment rate stood at 21.2, the female one – at 14.4 per cent. Over the year, the male unemployment rate grew by 4.2, the female one – by 4 percentage points. In 2010, the unemployment rate in urban areas was lower than that in rural areas: the unemployment rate in urban areas stood at 16, in rural areas – at 22.4 per cent (in 2009, at 12.6 and 16.5 per cent respectively).

The youth (aged 15–24) unemployment rate in 2010, compared to 2009, grew by 5.9 percentage points and stood at 35.1 per cent. In 2010, the youth unemployment rate was twice as high as the total unemployment rate in the country.

In 2010, based on the estimates of Statistics Lithuania, the number of the unemployed amounted to 291.1 thousand and, compared to 2009, grew 1.3 times. In 2010, each ninth resident of Lithuania aged 15–74 was unemployed (in 2009, each twelfth).

In 2010, the long-term unemployed, i.e. persons who have been looking for a job for a year and longer, accounted for 41.4 per cent of the total number of the unemployed. In 2010, there were 120.6 thousand long-term unemployed persons in the country. Over the year, the number of the long-term unemployed grew 2.3 times.

In 2010, based on the data of the Lithuanian Labour Exchange, the average number of the registered unemployed stood at 312.1 thousand, which is 1.5 times more than in 2009.

Based on the Labour Force Survey estimates, in 2010, there were 1 million 344 thousand persons working in the country; compared to 2009, this figure dropped by 72.2 thousand, or 5.1 per cent. Over the year, the largest decrease in the number of persons employed was observed in construction, where it decreased by 29.3 thousand, or 23.9 per cent; the number of persons employed in industry dropped by 22.2 thousand (8.5 per cent), while in professional, scientific and technical and real estate activities a slight growth was observed – by 4.2 and 1.6 thousand (9.3 and 13.5 per cent) respectively.

In 2010, the employment rate of the population aged 15–64 stood at 57.8 per cent; over the year, it dropped by 2.3 percentage points. The employment rate of males aged 15–64 was lower than that of females. In 2010, the male employment rate stood at 56.8, the female one – at 58.7 per cent; over the year, it decreased by 2.7 and 2 percentage points respectively.

In 2010, the youth (aged 15–24) employment rate stood at 19.2 per cent; over the year, it dropped by 2.3 percentage points. In 2010, the employment rate of the elderly (aged 55–64) stood at 48.6 per cent; over the year, it dropped by 3 percentage points.

IN IV QUARTER 2010, THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE DECREASED TO 17.1 PER CENT

In IV quarter 2010, based on the estimates of Statistics Lithuania, the unemployment rate in the country stood at 17.1 per cent, which is by 0.7 percentage point less than in III quarter 2010. The male unemployment rate in IV quarter 2010 stood at 19.1, the female one – at 15.1 per cent.

In IV quarter 2010, the youth (aged 15–24) unemployment rate stood at 32.4 per cent; compared to III quarter 2010, it dropped by 3.1 percentage points.

In IV quarter 2010, the number of the unemployed amounted to 281.9 thousand, which is by 10.1 thousand, or 3.5 per cent, less than in III quarter 2010.

Based on the Labour Force Survey estimates, in IV quarter 2010, there were 1 million 367 thousand persons working in the country; compared to III quarter 2010, this figure grew by 15.9 thousand. Over the quarter, an increase in the number of persons employed was observed in construction (by 8 thousand), human health and social work (4.8 thousand), and transport and storage (3.9 thousand).

In IV quarter 2010, the employment rate of the population aged 15–64 stood at 59.2 per cent; over the quarter, it grew by 0.7 percentage point. The employment rate of males aged 15–64 was higher than that of females. In IV quarter 2010, the male employment rate stood at 59.4, the female one – at 59.1 per cent.

In IV quarter 2010, the youth (aged 15–24) employment rate stood at 21.4 per cent; over the quarter, it grew by 1.6 percentage points. In IV quarter 2010, the employment rate of the elderly (aged 55–64) stood at 50.3 per cent; over the quarter, it grew by 2 percentage points.

X X X

Statistical information is based on the Labour Force Survey data. The survey was carried out applying a sampling method. In IV quarter 2010, 14.4 thousand (0.5 per cent) residents of Lithuania aged 15 and over had been interviewed, and the survey results were subsequently recalculated for the total population of the country.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND IN THE WORLD

Based on provisional data of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), the unemployment rate in the European Union in 2010 stood at 9.6 per cent. The highest unemployment rate among the EU Member States was recorded in Spain (20.1 per cent), the lowest – in the Netherlands (4.5 per cent).

Based on provisional data of Eurostat, in 2010, the unemployment rate in the United States of America stood at 9.6, in Japan – at 5.1 per cent.


A press release on changes in the unemployment rate in I quarter 2011 is due on 20 May 2011.
 

Deputy Director General

Dalia Ambrozaitienė

Contact: Violeta Skamaročienė
Deputy Head, Living Standard and Employment Statistics Division
Tel. (+370 5) 236 4958
Email violeta.skamarociene@stat.gov.lt

 

Category : Statistics Lithuania

OPINIONS

Have your say. Send to:
editor@VilNews.com


By Dr. Boris Vytautas Bakunas,
Ph. D., Chicago

A wave of unity sweeps the international Lithuanian community on March 11th every year as Lithuanians celebrated the anniversary of the Lithuanian Parliament's declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. However, the sense of national unity engendered by the celebration could be short-lived.

Human beings have a strong tendency to overgeneralize and succumb to stereotypical us-them distinctions that can shatter even the strongest bonds. We need only search the internet to find examples of divisive thinking at work:

- "50 years of Soviet rule has ruined an entire generation of Lithuanian.

- "Those who fled Lithuania during World II were cowards -- and now they come back, flaunt their wealth, and tell us 'true Lithuanians' how to live."

- "Lithuanians who work abroad have abandoned their homeland and should be deprived of their Lithuanian citizenship."

Could such stereotypical, emotionally-charged accusations be one of the main reasons why relations between Lithuania's diaspora groups and their countrymen back home have become strained?

Read more...
* * *


Text: Saulene Valskyte

In Lithuania Christmas Eve is a family event and the New Year's Eve a great party with friends!
Lithuanian say "Kaip sutiksi naujus metus, taip juos ir praleisi" (the way you'll meet the new year is the way you will spend it). So everyone is trying to spend New Year's Eve with friend and have as much fun as possible.

Lithuanian New Year's traditions are very similar to those in other countries, and actually were similar since many years ago. Also, the traditional Lithuanian New Years Eve party was very similar to other big celebrations throughout the year.

The New Year's Eve table is quite similar to the Christmas Eve table, but without straws under the tablecloth, and now including meat dishes. A tradition that definitely hasn't changes is that everybody is trying not to fell asleep before midnight. It was said that if you oversleep the midnight point you will be lazy all the upcoming year. People were also trying to get up early on the first day of the new year, because waking up late also meant a very lazy and unfortunate year.

During the New Year celebration people were dancing, singing, playing games and doing magic to guess the future. People didn't drink much of alcohol, especially was that the case for women.

Here are some advices from elders:
- During the New Year, be very nice and listen to relatives - what you are during New Year Eve, you will be throughout the year.

- During to the New Year Eve, try not to fall, because if this happens, next year you will be unhappy.

- If in the start of the New Year, the first news are good - then the year will be successful. If not - the year will be problematic.

New year predictions
* If during New Year eve it's snowing - then it will be bad weather all year round. If the day is fine - one can expect good harvest.
* If New Year's night is cold and starry - look forward to a good summer!
* If the during New Year Eve trees are covered with frost - then it will be a good year. If it is wet weather on New Year's Eve, one can expect a year where many will die and dangerous epidemics occur.
* If the first day of the new year is snowy - the upcoming year will see many young people die. If the night is snowy - mostly old people will die.
* If the New Year time is cold - then Easter will be warm.
* If during New Year there are a lot of birds in your homestead - then all year around there will be many guests and the year will be fun.

Read more...
* * *

* * *
VilNews
Christmas greetings
from Vilnius


* * *
Ukraine won the historic
and epic battle for the
future
By Leonidas Donskis
Kaunas
Philosopher, political theorist, historian of
ideas, social analyst, and political
commentator

Immediately after Russia stepped in Syria, we understood that it is time to sum up the convoluted and long story about Ukraine and the EU - a story of pride and prejudice which has a chance to become a story of a new vision regained after self-inflicted blindness.

Ukraine was and continues to be perceived by the EU political class as a sort of grey zone with its immense potential and possibilities for the future, yet deeply embedded and trapped in No Man's Land with all of its troubled past, post-Soviet traumas, ambiguities, insecurities, corruption, social divisions, and despair. Why worry for what has yet to emerge as a new actor of world history in terms of nation-building, European identity, and deeper commitments to transparency and free market economy?

Right? Wrong. No matter how troubled Ukraine's economic and political reality could be, the country has already passed the point of no return. Even if Vladimir Putin retains his leverage of power to blackmail Ukraine and the West in terms of Ukraine's zero chances to accede to NATO due to the problems of territorial integrity, occupation and annexation of Crimea, and mayhem or a frozen conflict in the Donbas region, Ukraine will never return to Russia's zone of influence. It could be deprived of the chances to join NATO or the EU in the coming years or decades, yet there are no forces on earth to make present Ukraine part of the Eurasia project fostered by Putin.

Read more...
* * *
Watch this video if you
want to learn about the
new, scary propaganda
war between Russia,
The West and the
Baltic States!


* * *
90% of all Lithuanians
believe their government
is corrupt
Lithuania is perceived to be the country with the most widespread government corruption, according to an international survey involving almost 40 countries.

Read more...
* * *
Lithuanian medical
students say no to
bribes for doctors

On International Anticorruption Day, the Special Investigation Service shifted their attention to medical institutions, where citizens encounter bribery most often. Doctors blame citizens for giving bribes while patients complain that, without bribes, they won't receive proper medical attention. Campaigners against corruption say that bribery would disappear if medical institutions themselves were to take resolute actions against corruption and made an effort to take care of their patients.

Read more...
* * *
Doing business in Lithuania

By Grant Arthur Gochin
California - USA

Lithuania emerged from the yoke of the Soviet Union a mere 25 years ago. Since then, Lithuania has attempted to model upon other European nations, joining NATO, Schengen, and the EU. But, has the Soviet Union left Lithuania?

During Soviet times, government was administered for the people in control, not for the local population, court decisions were decreed, they were not the administration of justice, and academia was the domain of ideologues. 25 years of freedom and openness should have put those bad experiences behind Lithuania, but that is not so.

Today, it is a matter of expectation that court pronouncements will be governed by ideological dictates. Few, if any Lithuanians expect real justice to be effected. For foreign companies, doing business in Lithuania is almost impossible in a situation where business people do not expect rule of law, so, surely Government would be a refuge of competence?

Lithuanian Government has not emerged from Soviet styles. In an attempt to devolve power, Lithuania has created a myriad of fiefdoms of power, each speaking in the name of the Government, each its own centralized power base of ideology.

Read more...
* * *
Greetings from Wales!
By Anita Šovaitė-Woronycz
Chepstow, Wales

Think of a nation in northern Europe whose population is around the 3 million mark a land of song, of rivers, lakes, forests, rolling green hills, beautiful coastline a land where mushrooms grow ready for the picking, a land with a passion for preserving its ancient language and culture.

Doesn't that sound suspiciously like Lithuania? Ah, but I didn't mention the mountains of Snowdonia, which would give the game away.

I'm talking about Wales, that part of the UK which Lithuanians used to call "Valija", but later named "Velsas" (why?). Wales, the nation which has welcomed two Lithuanian heads of state to its shores - firstly Professor Vytautas Landsbergis, who has paid several visits and, more recently, President Dalia Grybauskaitė who attended the 2014 NATO summit which was held in Newport, South Wales.
MADE IN WALES -
ENGLISH VERSION OF THE
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF
VYTAUTAS LANDSBERGIS.

Read more...
* * *
IS IT POSSIBLE TO
COMMENT ON OUR
ARTICLES? :-)
Read Cassandra's article HERE

Read Rugile's article HERE

Did you know there is a comment field right after every article we publish? If you read the two above posts, you will see that they both have received many comments. Also YOU are welcome with your comments. To all our articles!
* * *

Greetings from Toronto
By Antanas Sileika,
Toronto, Canada

Toronto was a major postwar settlement centre for Lithuanian Displaced Persons, and to this day there are two Catholic parishes and one Lutheran one, as well as a Lithuanian House, retirement home, and nursing home. A new wave of immigrants has showed interest in sports.

Although Lithuanian activities have thinned over the decades as that postwar generation died out, the Lithuanian Martyrs' parish hall is crowded with many, many hundreds of visitors who come to the Lithuanian cemetery for All Souls' Day. Similarly, the Franciscan parish has standing room only for Christmas Eve mass.

Although I am firmly embedded in the literary culture of Canada, my themes are usually Lithuanian, and I'll be in Kaunas and Vilnius in mid-November 2015 to give talks about the Lithuanian translations of my novels and short stories, which I write in English.

If you have the Lithuanian language, come by to one of the talks listed in the links below. And if you don't, you can read more about my work at
www.anatanassileika.com

http://www.vdu.lt/lt/rasytojas-antanas-sileika-pristatys-savo-kuryba/
https://leu.lt/lt/lf/lf_naujienos/kvieciame-i-rasytojo-59hc.html
* * *

As long as VilNews exists,
there is hope for the future
Professor Irena Veisaite, Chairwoman of our Honorary Council, asked us to convey her heartfelt greetings to the other Council Members and to all readers of VilNews.

"My love and best wishes to all. As long as VilNews exists, there is hope for the future,"" she writes.

Irena Veisaite means very much for our publication, and we do hereby thank her for the support and wise commitment she always shows.

You can read our interview with her
HERE.
* * *
EU-Russia:
Facing a new reality

By Vygaudas Ušackas
EU Ambassador to the Russian Federation

Dear readers of VilNews,

It's great to see this online resource for people interested in Baltic affairs. I congratulate the editors. From my position as EU Ambassador to Russia, allow me to share some observations.

For a number of years, the EU and Russia had assumed the existence of a strategic partnership, based on the convergence of values, economic integration and increasingly open markets and a modernisation agenda for society.

Our agenda was positive and ambitious. We looked at Russia as a country ready to converge with "European values", a country likely to embrace both the basic principles of democratic government and a liberal concept of the world order. It was believed this would bring our relations to a new level, covering the whole spectrum of the EU's strategic relationship with Russia.

Read more...
* * *

The likelihood of Putin
invading Lithuania
By Mikhail Iossel
Professor of English at Concordia University, Canada
Founding Director at Summer Literary Seminars

The likelihood of Putin's invading Lithuania or fomenting a Donbass-style counterfeit pro-Russian uprising there, at this point, in my strong opinion, is no higher than that of his attacking Portugal, say, or Ecuador. Regardless of whether he might or might not, in principle, be interested in the insane idea of expanding Russia's geographic boundaries to those of the former USSR (and I for one do not believe that has ever been his goal), he knows this would be entirely unfeasible, both in near- and long-term historical perspective, for a variety of reasons. It is not going to happen. There will be no restoration of the Soviet Union as a geopolitical entity.

Read more...
* * *

Are all Lithuanian energy
problems now resolved?
By Dr. Stasys Backaitis,
P.E., CSMP, SAE Fellow Member of Central and Eastern European Coalition, Washington, D.C., USA

Lithuania's Energy Timeline - from total dependence to independence

Lithuania as a country does not have significant energy resources. Energy consuming infrastructure after WWII was small and totally supported by energy imports from Russia.

First nuclear reactor begins power generation at Ignalina in 1983, the second reactor in 1987. Iganlina generates enough electricity to cover Lithuania's needs and about 50%.for export. As, prerequisite for membership in EU, Ignalina ceases all nuclear power generation in 2009

The Klaipėda Sea terminal begins Russia's oil export operations in 1959 and imports in 1994.

Mazeikiu Nafta (current ORLEAN Lietuva) begins operation of oil refinery in 1980.

Read more...
* * *

Have Lithuanian ties across
the Baltic Sea become
stronger in recent years?
By Eitvydas Bajarunas
Ambassador to Sweden

My answer to affirmative "yes". Yes, Lithuanian ties across the Baltic Sea become as never before solid in recent years. For me the biggest achievement of Lithuania in the Baltic Sea region during recent years is boosting Baltic and Nordic ties. And not because of mere accident - Nordic direction was Lithuania's strategic choice.

The two decades that have passed since regaining Lithuania's independence can be described as a "building boom". From the wreckage of a captive Soviet republic, a generation of Lithuanians have built a modern European state, and are now helping construct a Nordic-Baltic community replete with institutions intended to promote political coordination and foster a trans-Baltic regional identity. Indeed, a "Nordic-Baltic community" - I will explain later in my text the meaning of this catch-phrase.

Since the restoration of Lithuania's independence 25 years ago, we have continuously felt a strong support from Nordic countries. Nordics in particular were among the countries supporting Lithuania's and Baltic States' striving towards independence. Take example of Iceland, country which recognized Lithuania in February of 1991, well in advance of other countries. Yet another example - Swedish Ambassador was the first ambassador accredited to Lithuania in 1991. The other countries followed suit. When we restored our statehood, Nordic Countries became champions in promoting Baltic integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions. To large degree thanks Nordic Countries, massive transformations occurred in Lithuania since then, Lithuania became fully-fledged member of the EU and NATO, and we joined the Eurozone on 1 January 2015.

Read more...
* * *

It's the economy, stupid *
By Valdas (Val) Samonis,
PhD, CPC

n his article, Val Samonis takes a comparative policy look at the Lithuanian economy during the period 2000-2015. He argues that the LT policy response (a radical and classical austerity) was wrong and unenlightened because it coincided with strong and continuing deflationary forces in the EU and the global economy which forces were predictable, given the right policy guidance. Also, he makes a point that LT austerity, and the resulting sharp drop in GDP and employment in LT, stimulated emigration of young people (and the related worsening of other demographics) which processes took huge dimensions thereby undercutting even the future enlightened efforts to get out of the middle-income growth trap by LT. Consequently, the country is now on the trajectory (development path) similar to that of a dog that chases its own tail. A strong effort by new generation of policymakers is badly needed to jolt the country out of that wrong trajectory and to offer the chance of escaping the middle-income growth trap via innovations.

Read more...
* * *

Have you heard about the
South African "Pencil Test"?
By Karina Simonson

If you are not South African, then, probably, you haven't. It is a test performed in South Africa during the apartheid regime and was used, together with the other ways, to determine racial identity, distinguishing whites from coloureds and blacks. That repressive test was very close to Nazi implemented ways to separate Jews from Aryans. Could you now imagine a Lithuanian mother, performing it on her own child?

But that is exactly what happened to me when I came back from South Africa. I will tell you how.

Read more...
* * *
Click HERE to read previous opinion letters >



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